What is a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)?


A Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that repairs the aortic valve without removing the old, damaged heart valve.

TAVI Referral

To see Dr Peter Fahmy you need a referral for your GP or specialist. Please print the referral letter below and ask your GP or specialist to complete it. 

Take me to the TAVI Referral form

Is TAVI the best option?

In order for us to decide whether TAVI would be the best option for you, we need a lot of information about you, your heart, and general health. Also, it is not just our decision. If we recommend TAVI, you can choose to continue with your current treatment instead, or talk to your doctor about other options. But it is important to make your decision after we have seen you and given you information about your options. Every person undergoes a thorough review before deciding if TAVI is an option. If you decide that you want to know if TAVI is an option, you will need to come to the hospital for at least two visits (sometimes more). If you are from out of Sydney, you will need to make your own travel and hotel arrangements for these days. If you are in the hospital right now, you may have the tests done while you are admitted.

The best option may be:

  • Medical Management: This means your aortic stenosis is best managed without surgery for now. Your family doctor or heart specialist (cardiologist) will continue to monitor and treat your aortic stenosis with medication. Your doctor may ask you to return to the TAVI clinic in the future.
  • Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement: This means open heart surgery is the best option for you. Arranged through your referring doctor, a cardiac surgeon’s office will contact you to discuss this option more.
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI): This means TAVI is the best option for you to have your aortic valve replaced. If Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) has been chosen, this means TAVI is the best option for you to have your aortic valve replaced. There are two ways your heart valve can be replaced:
    • Transfemoral TAVI – means inserting the catheter into the femoral artery in the groin.
    • Alternate access TAVI – means inserting catheters via alternate routes other than femoral such as subclavian (near the shoulder).


Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) Assessment

For the Heart Team to gain a complete picture of you and your health, we need to see you in our clinic in person. Appointments are coordinated over two or three days, but there may be a few days between clinic days. If you are travelling to Sydney for the assessment, we try to schedule your visits over two or three days in a row (remember to book your hotel for at least two or three nights). During this time, we will conduct many heart tests, either at Norwest Private Hospital, or our affiliated hospital.

A letter with the days and times of your appointments will be sent to you, with information about where to go for the appointment. If you are in the hospital right now at Norwest Private Hospital, the cardiologist will explain the Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) procedure to you and answer any questions. Unlike open heart surgery, there is no need to open the chest for this procedure, as TAVI is generally performed under conscious sedation known as twilight sedation



What to expect during the clinic visits

Dr Fahmy will discuss with you what is TAVI, how TAVI is done, and the risks and benefits associated with TAVI.

  • You will have time to ask your questions
  • We provide information about how the team decides which treatment option is best for you
  • A range of different heart tests
  • Other tests include a walking test and memory test
  • Questions about your everyday life, understand what you can and cannot do for yourself, your living situation and your heart symptom
  • A doctor gives you a medical check-up and asks you questions about your heart and your health
  • Our heart surgeon reviews your health record. The doctor may wish to examine you further
  • Pictures of you are taken to help the team when they meet to discuss your treatment options after your clinic visit. The pictures are kept in your chart.


When will you know?

We call you within two weeks of your assessment visit to tell you what the team believes would be the best option. We will also send your local GP or doctor a letter. Take time and discuss with your family doctor or cardiologist about what we recommend.

The Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation review process:

  • Step 1: Appointment for TAVI assessment is scheduled
  • Step 2: Attend hospital for TAVI assessment. This may take two hospital visits, on at least two separate days
  • Step 3: The team reviews the results of your work-up and recommends the best option for treating your aortic stenosis
  • Step 4: You and your doctor are notified of our team’s decision. If TAVI is the option of choice, we will book your procedure to have your aortic valve replaced.


Booked in for a TAVI?

Patient Instructions

Please ensure that you bring all your medications (including non-prescription medications and any supplements) with you when you come to the hospital. If you have any of your own teeth, make sure that you have seen a dentist within the last six months before your TAVI procedure is booked.

Additional Info

Patients with valve replacements may have an increased risk of developing an infection of the heart valve and the surrounding tissue called endocarditis. Check with your doctor; you may need antibiotics before some surgical procedures or dental visits.

Need an interpreter?

If you do not speak or understand English well enough to have conversations about your health to make medical decisions, we can arrange for a medical interpreter at no cost. Please ask someone in your doctor’s office (or someone you know who speaks English) to call us at least three to five days before your appointment to request an interpreter. To book an interpreter, we need the following information:

  • Your name
  • Day and time of appointment
  • The language you speak and understand the best.

Please call or send us a message via our website.


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